Cardiac Arrest in Children: Special Considerations

Updated:Oct 25,2010
  • Typically caused by respiratory failure, circulatory shock or both.
  • Arrest caused by coronary artery disease is much rarer in children than in adults.
  • Ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia accounts for 5 percent to 20 percent of out-of-hospital arrests and 10 percent of in-hospital arrests.
  • Not as much is known about care for children but critical elements include managing temperature, glucose, blood pressure, ventilation and cardiac output.
  • Survival is higher in hospitals with specialized pediatric staff.