People of all ages and races can have cardiomyopathy. However, certain types of the disease are more common in certain groups.
Dilated cardiomyopathy is more common in African-Americans than in whites. This type of the disease also is more common in men than in women.
Teens and young adults are more likely than older people to have arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, although it's rare in both groups.
Major Risk Factors
Certain diseases, conditions or factors can raise your risk for cardiomyopathy. Major risk factors include:
- Family history of cardiomyopathy, heart failure or sudden cardiac arrest (SCA)
- A disease or condition that can lead to cardiomyopathy, such as coronary heart disease, heart attack, or a viral infection that inflames the heart muscle
- Diabetes or other metabolic diseases, or severe obesity
- Diseases that can damage the heart, such as hemochromatosis, sarcoidosis or amyloidosis
- Long-term alcoholism
- Long-term high blood pressure
Also in this section:
- What is cardiomyopathy?
- Symptoms and Diagnosis of Cardiomyopathy
- Prevention and Treatment of Cardiomyopathy
- Cardiomyopathy in Children
Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services